South Korea is a major energy importer importing almost all of its oil needs and the second largest importer of Liquid Natural Gas in the world. Electricity production in the country comes mainly from conventional thermal power, accounting for more than two thirds of production, and from nuclear power . 
Energy producers were dominated by public companies, even though private-owned coal mines and oil refineries existed. National Assembly adopted a broad sectoral restructuring program in 2000, but the restructuring process was stopped in connection with political controversy in 2004 and remains a subject of intense political debate. 
South Korea has no proven oil reserves.  The survey until the 1980s in the Yellow Sea and on the continental shelf between Korea and Japan did not find any offshore oil. The coal supply in the country is insufficient and of low quality. The potential for hydropower is limited due to high seasonal variations in the weather and the concentration of most of the rainfall in the summer. Therefore, the government is increasingly focusing on developing nuclear power generation . 
Overview [ edit ]
Final Energy Consumption per Source (2010): 
- Coal: 27.6 Mtoe (millions of Ton of Oil Equivalent ) (14.2%)
- Petroleum: 100.5 Mtoe (51.6%)
- LNG: 21.9 Mtoe (11.3%)
- Electricity: 37.3 Mtoe (19.2%)
- Heat: 1.7 Mtoe (0.9%)
- Renewable: 5.8 Mtoe (3%)
|Capita th>||Prim. Energy||Production||Import||El||CO 2 release|
Power edit ]
History [ edit ]
The Korea Electric Power Corporation (KEPCO) provided electricity In the country. When KEPCO’s predecessor, KECO, was founded in 1961, the annual electricity production was 1,770 GWh. Production reached 73,992 GWh in 1987. In that year, private customers used 17.9% of total production, public and service companies used 16.2%, and industrial sector used 65.9%. Sources of electricity production were primarily nuclear, coal, oil and liquefied natural gas. Of the 54,885 GWh of electricity generated in 1985, 22% came from nuclear power plants, 74% from non-nuclear power plants (oil and coal) and 4% from hydropower plants. It was predicted in 1988 that the generation structure in 2000 would be 10.2% hydro power, 12.2% oil, 22.9% coal, 10.2% LNG and 44.5% nuclear power.
Statistics [ edit ]
|Thermal||264,747 (62.7%)||278,400 (64.2%)||315,608 (66.5%)||324,354 (65.3%)|
|Nuclear||150,958 (35.7%)||147,771 (34.1%)||148,596 (31.3%)||154,723 (31.1%)|
|Hydro||5.561 (1.3%)||5.641 (1.3%)||6.472 (1.4%)||7.831 (1.6%)|
|Other||1.090 (0.3%)||1,791 (0.4%)||3.984 (0.8%)||9,985 (2.0%)|
Sources [ edit ]
Thermal [ edit ]
- KEPCO (한국 전력 공사) controls 5 regional gene kiosks that sell via KPX to the network:
- Korea East West Power (한국 동서 발전 ㈜)
- Korea Midland Power (한국 중부 발전 ㈜)
- Southeast Asia in Korea (한국 남동 발전 ㈜)
- South Korea’s southern power (한국 남부 발전 ㈜)
- Korea Western Power (한국 서부 발전 ㈜)
KOGAS (한국 가스 공사) acts as an importer of LNG for Power Generators .
Cogeneration and steam edit ]
- Korea District Heating Corporation (KDHC, 한국 지역 난방 공사 ㈜) supplies steam and cogeneration to the Seoul area and Daegu. GS Power and SH Corp are local providers. KDHC is the world’s largest district heating company.
Nuclear Power edit ]
South Korea attaches great importance to the generation of nuclear power . The country’s first nuclear power plant, Kori number one located near Pusan, which opened in 1977. Eight plants were operated in 1987 when nuclear power production was estimated at 71,158 million kilowatts, or 53.1% of total power.
Renewable Energy edit ]
Government decision in July 2008 to increase investment in renewable energy At Reduce addiction if foreign oil imports can give incentives to conglomerates & # x27; Solar plans. Ministry of Knowledge And economics have said the country intends to spend 194.4 billion. Water ($ 193 million) On technologies and projects including solar wind and biofuels , in 2008. 
South Korea is fast-growing gigawat market for Photovoltaic (PV). In 2014, the country ranked among the world’s leading top ten installers of PV systems . [ required referral ]
Hydro also comes under Korea Hydro & Nuclear Power Ltd. [ required referral ]
Global warming edit ]
According to the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, South Korea is among CDIAC The ten ten , Ninth highest country in carbon dioxide emissions in carbon dioxide Period 1950-2005. The USA (25%), China (10%) and Russia (8%) are the countries with the highest CO2 emissions from 1950-2005.